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Descriptive research methods are pretty much as they sound — they describe situations. They do not make accurate predictions, and they do not determine cause and effect. There are three main types of descriptive methods: This article will briefly describe each of these methods, their advantages, and their drawbacks.
This may help you better understand research findings, whether reported in the mainstream media, or when reading a research study on your own. Observational Method With the observational method sometimes referred to as field observation animal and human behavior is closely observed.
There are two main categories of the observational method — naturalistic observation and laboratory observation. The biggest advantage of the naturalistic method of research is that researchers view participants in their natural environments. This leads to greater ecological validity than laboratory Sample descriptive research, proponents say.
Ecological validity refers to the extent to which research can be used in real-life situations. Proponents of laboratory observation often suggest that due to more control in the laboratory, the results found when using laboratory observation are more meaningful than those obtained with naturalistic observation.
Laboratory observations are usually less time-consuming and cheaper than naturalistic observations. Of course, both naturalistic and laboratory observation are important in regard to the advancement of scientific knowledge.
Case Study Method Case study research involves an in-depth study of an individual or group of indviduals.
Case studies often lead to testable hypotheses and allow us to study rare phenomena. Case studies should not be used to determine cause and effect, and they have limited use for making accurate predictions. There are two serious problems with case studies — expectancy effects and atypical individuals.
Describing atypical individuals may lead to poor generalizations and detract from external validity.
|What Are Some Examples of Descriptive Research? | timberdesignmag.com||Introduction Before beginning your paper, you need to decide how you plan to design the study. The research design refers to the overall strategy that you choose to integrate the different components of the study in a coherent and logical way, thereby, ensuring you will effectively address the research problem; it constitutes the blueprint for the collection, measurement, and analysis of data.|
Survey Method In survey method research, participants answer questions administered through interviews or questionnaires. After participants answer the questions, researchers describe the responses given.
In order for the survey to be both reliable and valid it is important that the questions are constructed properly. Questions should be written so they are clear and easy to comprehend.
Another consideration when designing questions is whether to include open-ended, closed-ended, partially open-ended, or rating-scale questions for a detailed discussion refer to Jackson, Advantages and disadvantages can be found with each type: Open-ended questions allow for a greater variety of responses from participants but are difficult to analyze statistically because the data must be coded or reduced in some manner.
Closed-ended questions are easy to analyze statistically, but they seriously limit the responses that participants can give. It is important to emphasize that descriptive research methods can only describe a set of observations or the data collected.
It cannot draw conclusions from that data about which way the relationship goes — Does A cause B, or does B cause A? Nothing could be further from the truth.
Research Methods and Statistics: A Critical Thinking Approach 3rd edition. Jamie has written seven books and co-authored one.In this lesson you will learn to define descriptive research as well as to identify the three main types of descriptive research used in the field.
Research is the foundation of effective decision making and knowledge creation. The research process has been refined over the years to a level of sophistication that, while yielding actionable results, may appear daunting to those not immersed in its practice.
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The MIDAS™ Profile has been described as the Swiss Army knife of self-assessments that guides people to a deeper. Before beginning your paper, you need to decide how you plan to design the study..
The research design refers to the overall strategy that you choose to integrate the different components of the study in a coherent and logical way, thereby, ensuring you will effectively address the research problem; it constitutes the blueprint for the collection, measurement, and analysis of data.
Descriptive Studies. Descriptive studies are also called observational, because you observe the subjects without otherwise timberdesignmag.com simplest descriptive study is a case, which reports data on only one subject; examples are a study of an outstanding athlete or of a dysfunctional timberdesignmag.comptive studies of a few cases are called case series.
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