Ever walk into a senior service member's office and notice some strangely ornate certificates adorning the walls? These certificates usually involve some sort of ceremony. For example, when crossing the equator for the first time, you will go from being a lowly pollywog to an honorable shellback! Follow this link to learn more about crossing the equator and many other unofficial certificates you may have the opportunity to earn.
The Middle Managers of Murder Introduction Bureaucracy is not unique to Germany, however its application by the National Socialists as a tool of totalitarian oppression is peerless. The rapid rearmament of Germany and mobilization for war required that the Nazi regime make use of the existing administrative machinery [ 1 ].
The German quest for Lebensraum living space meant more than defeating external enemies as would be the case in a traditional war. A racially pure Germany was the other half of the Lebensraum equation and to this end the Nazis relied on the knowledge and expertise of the Weimar era bureaucrats to execute genocide.
At first glance, Herz appears to be warning of the dangers of leaving the bureaucratic institutions of the German Democratic Republic GDR in place and unexamined in a reunited Germany, but Herz was writing inless than a year after the rank structure in the army essay of hostilities in the European theater in World War II.
The German bureaucracy inherited by Hitler was generally compliant with egregious Nazi policies if not eager accomplices.
Herz compares the situation in the aftermath of World War II to the demise of the Weimar republic, but there is a longer history.
There is continuity from the bureaucracies of Bismarck, through the Weimar Republic, to the Nazi era, and into post-War Germany. Today, the legacy continues in the form of investigations into the possible Stasi involvement on the part of contemporary civil servants.
Origins of German Bureaucracy Ordered society would not be possible without bureaucracies to ensure the proper functioning of modern institutions such as hospitals, police, education, and the military.
Bureaucracy predates the modern era, of course, but it was not until the late 18th and early 19th centuries that bureaucracy as we currently understand it was established. The civil service in Germany dates back to the middle ages when commoners and lesser nobles were appointed civil servants who served at the leisure of the sovereign rather than an intermediary nobleman as was typical of feudal societies.
These appointments were little different from ennoblement, and barely resembled the functionaries of a modern bureaucratic institution.
There was little in the way of a uniformed discipline. For one thing, appointments were made with scant regard to the merit of the individual being appointed--nepotism and favoritism were the rule.
Even in medieval times, however, the irregular and inefficient bureaucracies focused the power of the sovereign. Through delegation of office, consolidation of knowledge--and therefore power--was the result. The imposition of a rigid hierarchy ensured that rulers had direct insight into the happenings of everything within their domain.
Michel Foucault states that "Discipline [ The modern nation state required a new mode of power that was capable of managing the increasingly complex task of disciplining society. Furthermore, mass production and rationalization of the economy also required more complex management processes.
The old feudal society was not equipped for the industrial revolution and mass production.
Remnants of feudal society persisted, but the role of the nobility diminished as professional bureaucrats assumed greater control over the administration of the military, hospitals, police, and the market economy.
The ascendancy of disciplines in governance and bureaucratic institutions can be seen as a profound shift in how power was wielded.
Rather than "deploy the ostentatious signs of sovereignty" in taming the populace, power "is manifested through the brilliance of those who exercise it. This was costly in a political and economic sense, and more importantly was insufficient to the task.
One of the primary roles of the modern bureaucrat is to classify and identify individual members of society so that they may be better managed. In a very real sense, knowledge for the bureaucrat is power--power that was once wielded exclusively by the sovereign.
Max Weber argued that bureaucracies were more developed in Germany than in France, England, or America in the 19th century.The first Gurkhas.
In the Nepal war of the British sent a force of 30, against 12, Gorkhas (in reality at this time there was no such thing as a Gurkha -- they were called Gorkhalis) thinking in their usual arrogance they would take Nepal by storm.
The discovery of an Army "Commander" in "Southern Cross" forced us to consider the possibility of a fairly unified rank structure from O-1 through O Also, Carpenter's rank of Major seemed undervalued based on the size of his command. The Online Writing Lab (OWL) at Purdue University houses writing resources and instructional material, and we provide these as a free service of the Writing Lab at Purdue.
Home to the U.S. Army Chemical, Engineer and Military Police Regiments, as well as U.S. Marine Corps, Navy and Air Force detachments. by Benjamin (Dov Moshe) Newmark MyLife Essay Contest The dynamics of rank, structure, and modality of different types of soldiers is very unique and diverse much like the structure of every Yid whom is a soldier in a sense in the army of Hashem.
Second most junior rank in the Army, and the first at which a Soldier wears rank insignia. Abbreviated PV2. Eligible for promotion to private first class after 4 months time in rank and 12 months.