One of the core problems of this essay is the influence of such a concept, as Orientalism, most prominently introduced by Edward W. Orientalism can be briefly described as a paradigm of the Western conscience that puts the West and the East on the opposite sides of an ontological axis. This concept, however, was only expressed in more detail by Said, though he borrowed to some extent from such authors, as Anwar Abdel Malek and Michel Foucault. The Westerners considered themselves as an embodiment of the good, hence the East always represented the evil that either needed to be purged, or else eradicated.
In that vein, about contemporary Orientalist stereotypes of Arabs and Muslims, Said said: So far as the United States seems to be concerned, it is only a slight overstatement to say that Moslems and Arabs are essentially seen as either oil suppliers or potential terrorists.
Very little of the detail, the human density, the passion of Arab—Moslem life has entered the awareness of even those people whose profession it is to report the Arab world.
What we have, instead, is a series of crude, essentialized caricatures of the Islamic world, presented in such a way as to make that world vulnerable to military aggression.
Therefore, Orientalism was a method of practical and cultural discrimination that was applied to non-European societies and peoples in order to establish European imperial domination. In justification of empire, the Orientalist claims to know more—essential and definitive knowledge—about the Orient than do the Orientals.
That the history of European colonial rule and political domination of Eastern civilizations, distorts the intellectual objectivity of even the most knowledgeable, well-meaning, and culturally sympathetic Western Orientalist; thus did the term "Orientalism" become a pejorative word regarding non—Western peoples and cultures: To say this may seem quite different from saying that all academic knowledge about India and Egypt is somehow tinged and impressed with, violated by, the gross political fact—and yet that is what I am saying in this study of Orientalism.
Towards the end of his life for instance, Said argued that while representations are essential for the function of human life and societies — as essential as language itself — what must cease are representations that are authoritatively repressive, because they do not provide any real possibilities for those being represented to intervene in this process.
The Reception of the Ambassadors in Damascus depicts the " Arabic culture " of 16th-century Syria. Said said that the Western world sought to dominate the Eastern world for more than 2, years, since Classical antiquity 8th c.
In the course of empire, after the physical-and-political conquest, there followed the intellectual conquest of a people, whereby Western scholars appropriated for themselves as European intellectual property the interpretation and translation of Oriental languages, and the critical study of the cultures and histories of the Oriental world.
Orientalism fictionally depicts the Orient as an irrational, psychologically weak, and feminized, non-European Otherwhich is negatively contrasted with the rational, psychologically strong, and masculine West. Such a binary relation, in a hierarchy of weakness and strength, derives from the European psychological need to create a difference of cultural inequality, between West and East, which inequality is attributable to "immutable cultural essences " inherent to Oriental peoples and things.
The Western world had been surprised, by the pro-active and decisive actions of non-Western peoples, whom the ideology of Orientalism had defined as essentially weak societies and impotent countries.
The geopolitical reality of their actions, of military and economic warfare, voided the fictional nature of Orientalist representationsattitudes, and opinions about the non-Western Other self.
Literature here is understood as a kind of carrier and distributor of ideology. The greatest intellectual impact of Orientalism was upon the fields of literary theorycultural studiesand human geographyby way of which originated the field of Post-colonial studies. Post-colonial Culture Studies[ edit ] As a work of cultural criticism, Orientalism is the foundation document in the field of Post-colonialismbecause the thesis proved historically factual, true, and accurate for the periods studied; and for the How?
Said's survey concentrated upon the British and the French varieties of Orientalism that supported the British Empire and the French Empire as commercial enterprises constructed from colonialism, and gave perfunctory coverage, discussion, and analyses of German Orientalist scholarship.
A People Interrupted Writing History and the WestRobert J.Post-Colonialism Colonialism versus imperialism Difference between imperialism and colonialism Though both the words underline suppression of the other, Colonialism is where one nation assumes control over the other and Imperialism refers to political or economic control, either formally or informally.
- Orientalism and Post-Colonial Theory Fitting Said’s vision of Orientalism into post colonial theory is a fluid meeting of social discourse. As post colonial theory demands a “constant redefinition of both “politics” and “culture” in a rapidly globalizing world,” Said also questions how cultural power and privilege determines.
Published: Mon, 5 Dec Orientalism is a theory put forward by the late Edward Said. It is associated with field of post colonialism and the study of the cultures and identities of the Orient and Eastern civilisations by the West.
Edward W. Said on Colonialism and Post-Colonialism Essay Sample Edward W. Said led a life influenced much influenced by colonialism and post-colonialism.
His expertise on the subject also stems, besides his first-hand experience in British schools, from his analysis of the works of Balzac, Baudelaire and Lautréamont.
Orientalism is a book by Edward W. Said, in which the author discusses Orientalism, defined as the West's patronizing representations of "The East"—the societies and peoples who inhabit the places of Asia, North Africa, and the Middle East.
According to Said, orientalism (the Western scholarship about the Eastern World) is . Post Colonialism and Orientalism Essay Sample. Post = After Colonialism = the process of one country inhabiting another usually instilling their norms and values into that society.