Norwalk virus

Basically, Noro can become dangerous if one gets dehydrated. The good news, Noro is easily preventable by practicing good hygiene.

Norwalk virus

Check new design of our homepage! Norwalk Virus Infection Treatment Norwalk virus infection, or stomach flu, may cause stomach pain, vomiting, and diarrhea.

This article discusses Norwalk virus infection treatment. HealthHearty Staff Named after a town in Ohio, the Norwalk virus became well-known after it caused an epidemic outbreak of gastroenteritis or stomach flu in the year This strain of virus, also known as norovirus, was first identified in Norwalk, which also gave its name.

The virus is mainly found in the excreta of the infected individuals, with human beings acting as its only host. This virus can spread through the consumption of contaminated food and water, and Norwalk virus if a healthy person comes in contact with an infected one.

The Norwalk virus, the strain of which is also referred to as calicivirus, can enter the body through food or water contaminated with the stool of an infected person. This food-borne disease can also spread through other media like contaminated eggs, seafood especially, shellfish harvested in contaminated water like sewageice, ready to eat foods, salad ingredients, etc.

Eating half cooked food also increases the chances of Norwalk virus infestation. Symptoms The symptoms surface about a couple of days after the exposure to the virus, and may last for about two days or even prolong to several weeks, depending on the health of the individual.

Persistent diarrhea, that can be observed as loose or watery stools Abdominal cramping accompanied by discomfort Nausea-induced vomiting Low-grade fever and moderate headache Muscle aches and generalized body weakness Treatment Unfortunately, there is no specific treatment for this viral infection as of now.

The only remedy is to take complete rest, drink plenty of fluids, and practice proper hygiene.

Norwalk virus

This disorder may resolve itself after a period of four to five days. Recovery may also depend on the health of the immune system of an individual.

However, during this period, the infected person must take proper care so as not to spread the infection. The diagnosis comprises a series of tests conducted by the medical practitioner to detect the severity of the condition.

The doctor may observe the symptoms exhibited by the affected person, and also test the stool samples to detect the presence of this virus. Once the diagnostic tests are carried out, the doctor may administer the appropriate treatment to help reduce the severity of this disorder.

Since the individual may suffer from an acute case of dehydration, the doctors may advice ample rest and consumption of plenty of fluids. Water and fruit juices help replenish the water content in the body, and at the same time fruit juices provide the required nutrients.

Norwalk Virus | Definition of Norwalk Virus by Merriam-Webster

Oral rehydration solution ORS is also recommended by doctors, which help combat the symptoms of dehydration and to replenish the electrolytes in the body. You can make this solution at home or buy it from health stores. Eat foods that can be easily digested. It is also advisable not to drink milk during this illness since it contains complex sugars, which are difficult to digest.

Norwalk virus

Milk also has the tendency to induce diarrhea and abdominal cramps. Caffeinated and carbonated drinks are best to be avoided in this condition. These substances contribute towards dehydration and can make the person more weak, prolonging the recovery process. In severe cases of dehydration, hospitalization may be required, where intravenous fluids and electrolytes may be administered to stabilize the health of the individual.

Medications to bring down diarrhea and other problems may also be given intravenously. Prevention and Precautions This is one such viral illness that has no vaccine against it to prevent it from causing gastrointestinal disorders.A knowledge resource to understand virus diversity.

VIRION. Non-enveloped, capsid of about nm in diameter, with T=3 icosahedral capsid is composed of VP1 proteins.

Norovirus belongs to a group of Caliciviridae family is non-enveloped, single stranded RNA virus. Discovered in city Norwalk, Ohio, in , during an outbreak of gastroenteritis (stomach flu) in a local elementary school, in faeces examined using electron microscopy. ‘Enteric viruses primarily include the diarrhea-causing Rotavirus, Norwalk virus, and other Calciviruses.’ ‘Gastroenteritis is caused by a group of viruses called noroviruses, or the Norwalk virus.’.

Background During a college football game in Florida, diarrhea and vomiting developed in many of the members of a North Carolina team. The next day, similar symptoms developed in some of the.

Norovirus and Norwalk-Like Cleaning and Disinfection Protocol This document has been developed in accordance with current applicable infection control and regulatory guidelines.

What is norwalk virus? Norwalk virus was first identified as the cause of an outbreak of gastroenteritis among children at a school in Norwalk, Ohio – and among their teachers and their families. Norwalk virus is a significant cause of gastroenteritis outbreaks in schools, day-cares, summer camps, restaurants, and cruise ships.

The Big Picture Book of Viruses - Caliciviruses