His father, Paul Godard, a Swiss doctor, moved the family to Switzerland four years later. His mother Odile Monod was from a wealthy protestant French background. Her father Julien Monod was one of the most prominent bankers in France and a well-connected figure in literary circles whose closest friend was the writer Paul Valery.
Early years[ edit ] Monnet was born in Cognaca commune in the department of Charente in France, into a family of cognac merchants.
At the age of sixteen, he abandoned his university entrance examinations part way through and moved to the United Kingdomwhere he spent several years in London with Mr. Chaplin, an agent of his father's company. Subsequently, he travelled widely — to ScandinaviaRussiaEgyptCanadaand the Jean claude business plan States — for the family business.
World War I[ edit ] Monnet firmly believed that the only path to an Allied victory lay in combining the war efforts of Britain and France, and he reflected on a concept that would coordinate war resources. However, during the first two years of the war, Monnet did not have much success pressing for a better organization of the allied economic cooperation.
It was not until two years later that stronger combines like the Wheat Executive end of and the Allied Maritime Transport Council end of were set into motion, adding to the overall war effort.
The scheme was officially rejected by the Allies in April Soon disillusioned with the League because of its laborious and unanimous decision-making processes, Monnet resigned in and devoted himself to managing the family business, which was experiencing difficulties.
He returned to international politics and, as an international financier, proved to be instrumental to the economic recovery of several Central and Eastern European nations. In Novemberthe Chinese Minister of Finance invited Jean Monnet to act as chairman of an East-West non-political committee in China for the development of the Chinese economy where he lived until His influence inspired Charles de Gaulle and Winston Churchill to agree on an Anglo-French unionin an attempt to rival the alliance between Germany and Italy.
Soon after his arrival in Washington, D. Convinced that America could serve as "the great arsenal of democracy", he persuaded the President to launch a massive arms production program, both as an economic stimulus and to supply the Allies with military resources. InRoosevelt, with Churchill's agreement, launched the Victory Program, which represented the involvement of the United States in the war effort.
There will be no peace in Europe, if the states are reconstituted on the basis of national sovereignty The countries of Europe are too small to guarantee their peoples the necessary prosperity and social development.
The European states must constitute themselves into a federation The Monnet Plan[ edit ] Main article: Monnet Plan French conclude agreement on lend-lease and reverse lend-lease.
Jean Monnet, representative of the French Provisional Government signs agreements. GrewUndersecretary of State and Jean Monnet.
Following World War II, France was in severe need of reconstruction and completely dependent on coal from Germany's main remaining coal-mining areas, the Ruhr and the Saar. InMonnet proposed the Monnet Plan, also known as the "Theory of l'Engrenage" not to be confused with the Schuman plan. It included taking control of the remaining German coal-producing areas and redirecting the production away from the German industry and into the French, thus permanently weakening Germany and raising the French economy considerably above its pre-war levels.
The plan was adopted by Charles de Gaulle in early In return, France opened its cinemas to American movies. The area returned to German political administration in economic reunification would take many years longerbut France retained the right to mine from its coal mines until When tensions between France and Germany rose over the control of the then vital coal and steel industries, Monnet and his associates conceived the idea of a European Community.
This declaration, prepared by Monnet for Schuman, proposed integration of the French and German coal and steel industries under joint control, a so-called High Authorityopen to the other countries of Europe. Through the consolidation of basic production and the institution of a new High Authority, whose decisions will bind France, Germany and the other countries that join, this proposal represents the first concrete step towards a European federation, imperative for the preservation of peace.
He was the first to be bestowed Honorary Citizen of Europe by the European Council of the European Union, for extraordinary work to promote European cooperation on 2 April Following this he became the first person alive to be pictured on a German stamp who was not also a German head of state.
It brought political parties and European trade unions together to become a driving force behind the initiatives which laid the foundation for the European Union as it eventually emerged: This process reflected Monnet's belief in a gradualist approach for constructing European unity.
Private life[ edit ] Memory plaque set up by the Jean Monnet Council after his death In Augustduring a dinner party in Paris, the year-old Monnet met year-old Italian painter Silvia Giannini 17 August  — 22 August    who had recently married Francisco Giannini, an employee of Monnet when he was a representative in Italy.
In AprilSilvia gave birth to a daughter, Anna, whose legal father was Giannini. Inhe returned from China via the Trans-Siberian railwayshe from Switzerland. The idea for the Moscow marriage came from Dr. The custody of Anna was a problem; in Silvia took refuge with Anna in the Soviet consulate in Shanghaiwhere they were living at the time, because Francisco Giannini was trying to obtain custody of the child.
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The legal battle was decided in favour of Silvia in in New York, but the ruling wasn't recognized by some other countries. In Monnet and Silvia had another daughter, Marianne.
The Monnet family returned to France in and, after the death of Francisco Giannini inthe couple married canonically in the cathedral of Lourdes.Amazon description: "What if I told you that Jean-Claude Van Damme - yes, THAT Jean-Claude Van Damme - was, in fact, a secret agent?
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