See Article History Alternative Titles: The movement originated on college campuses in the United Statesalthough it spread to other countries, including Canada and Britain.
The Beat Generation was never a large movement in terms of sheer numbers, but in influence and cultural status they were more visible than any other competing aesthetic.
The years immediately after Hippy era poetry Second World War saw a wholesale reappraisal of the conventional structures of society. Just as the postwar economic boom was taking hold, students in universities were beginning to question the rampant materialism of their society. The Beat Generation was a product of this questioning.
They saw runaway capitalism as destructive to the human spirit and antithetical to social equality. The taboos against frank discussions of sexuality were seen as unhealthy and possibly damaging to the psyche. In the world of literature and art, the Beats stood in opposition to the clean, almost antiseptic formalism of the early twentieth century Modernists.
They fashioned a literature that was more bold, straightforward, and expressive than anything that had come before. Underground music styles like jazz were especially evocative for Beat writers, while threatening and sinister to the establishment.
To many, the artistic productions of the Beats crossed the line into pornography and therefore merited censorship. Time has proven that the cultural impact of the Beat writers was far from short-lived, as the influence of their work continues to be widespread. Jack Kerouac and Allen Ginsberg formed the core of this initial group, and they would remain bulwarks of the Beat sensibility for years to come.
Lucien Carr, John Clellon Holmes, and Neal Cassidy were also original members of this coterie, though their clout was somewhat less than the others. Gregory Corso was a first wave Beat poet who Ginsberg met a bar. For the Beat Generation, the shadowy underside of society could harbor every bit as much creative genius as the gilded halls of the academy.
Despite their anti-establishment and anti-academy pretentions, the Beats were all well-educated and generally from middle class backgrounds. Burroughs was another original Beat writer, though slightly older and more experienced than his contemporaries.
Burroughs was found unfit to serve in the Army during World War II, and had spent several years wandering and doing odd jobs. The Beat Generation pulled from a variety of source materials to construct their particular vision of literature and culture.
Several of the originators claim Romantic poets as major influences on their work. Percy Bysshe Shelley and William Blake are often cited as especially influential on the development of the Beat aesthetic.
Interspersed with their Romantic influences were surrealist and absurdist tendencies. At the same time, the American Transcendental Movement of the nineteenth century was a powerful inspiration for the confrontational politics of the Beats.
Henry David Thoreau was particularly revered as a symbol of protest. Conversely, the artistic production of the American Modernists was in many ways reviled by the Beats. The neo-classical formalism of T. Eliot was rejected as too much removed from real life and experience. Eliot embraced his status as an academic, while to the Beat Generation he was simply one more elitist with pretentions of grandeur.
The elder statesman of the Beat Generation was the poet Lawrence Ferlinghetti. City Lights quickly become a hub of Beat Generation literati. Around the same time, Ferlinghetti also entered the publishing industry, bringing both lesser-known and established poets to the mainstream. In his own poetry, Ferlinghetti displayed a jazz-inspired rhythm and improvisational spirit.
Much like the work of e. Ferlinghetti was known for his combination of humor and darkness, a perfect reflection of the state of America and the world at mid-century. He saw the decadence and prudery of American culture, and the destructive potential of capitalism gone awry, but his first response was to laugh at the absurdity of it all.
His humor and humanity make his art more timeless, not as weighed down by the historical moment.
THE AFTERLIFE OF JIM MORRISON. By Sharon Waxman. December 9, his birthday with a mix of pensive sincerity and hippy-era nostalgia. for introducing more young people to poetry and. Coleridge, The Hippie: Romanticism and The Counter Culture. Although its meaning has been watered down, the word hippie generally describes a person associated with symbols of peace, nature and an alternative way of living. These abstract ideas are the main . The Hippy era was a time in United States history when massive changes were made. Boundaries were challenged and crossed in literature and art, the government was confronted head-on for its policies in Vietnam; and the cause of civil rights was embraced by the young.
The long-form poem is intended to be read aloud, almost chanted, a sort of return to an oral tradition that had been neglected in literature for a long time.Hippie, also spelled hippy, member, during the s and s, of a countercultural movement that rejected the mores of mainstream American life.
The movement originated on college campuses in the United States, although it spread to other countries, including Canada and Britain. Books shelved as hippie: The Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test by Tom Wolfe, Hippie by Barry Miles, The Dharma Bums by Jack Kerouac, Orange Sunshine: The Broth.
Psychedelic music / like a Dali painting flowed, / Lyrics empowered a nation / for the you. Published at the web's largest poetry site.
Coleridge, The Hippie: Romanticism and The Counter Culture. Although its meaning has been watered down, the word hippie generally describes a person associated with symbols of peace, nature and an alternative way of living. Poetry by hippies. Poems submitted to Hippyland.
How I Yearn. How I yearn for your love, ~*A Hippy With A Guitar*~ by Summer I'm just a hippy with a guitar Purple era bY GIpsy.
Drifting away into the air, The world seems bare. Facists' I dislike. Psychedelic music like a Dali painting flowed, Lyrics empowered a nation for the young and bold, We were a generation seeking to expand our minds.