Compulsive hoarding Hoarding is characterized by excessive saving of possessions and having problems when throwing these belongings away. Major features of hoarding include not being able to use living quarters in the capacity of which it is meant, having difficulty moving throughout the home due to the massive amount of possessions, as well as having blocked exits that can pose a danger to the hoarder and their family and guests. Items that are typically saved by hoarders include clothes, newspapers, containers, junk mail, books, and craft items. Hoarders believe these items will be useful in the future or they are too sentimental to throw away.
History[ edit ] According to disability studies specialist Lennard J. Davishistorically, the concept of co-dependence "comes directly out of Alcoholics Anonymouspart of a dawning realization that the problem was not solely the addict, but also the family and friends who constitute a network for the alcoholic.
Whereas early on psychoanalytic theory emphasized the oral character and structural basis of dependency, social learning theory considered a tendency to be acquired by learning and experience, and ethological attachment theory posited that attachment or affectional bonding is the basis for dependency.
All three theories have contributed to the concept of dependent personality disorder as defined by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders DSM of the American Psychiatric Association.
The definition and criteria have changed in the different versions of the DSM. In DSM-I, passive dependency personality was characterized by helplessness, denialand indecisiveness, and was considered a subtype of passive aggressive personality.
By DSM-IV, there were nine criteria with an essential feature of a pervasive or lifetime pattern of dependent and submissive behavior. The DSM-IV definition emphasized the excessive need to be taken care of, leading to submissive and clinging behavior and fear of separation.
Inshe proposed that some people adopt what she termed a "Moving Toward" personality style to overcome their basic anxiety. Essentially, these people move toward others by gaining their approval and affection, and subconsciously control them through their dependent style. They are unselfish, virtuous, martyr-like, faithful, and turn the other cheek despite personal humiliation.
Approval from others is more important than respecting themselves. The expansion of the meaning of codependency happened very publicly.
Woititz's Adult Children of Alcoholics had come out in and sold two million copies while being on the New York Times bestseller list for forty-eight weeks. A Guide for Professionals. Symptoms and behaviors[ edit ] Codependency does not refer to all caring behavior or feelings, but only those that are excessive to an unhealthy degree.
Responsibility for relationships with others needs to coexist with responsibility to self. Often, there is imbalance, so one person is abusive or in control or supports or enables another person's addiction, poor mental health, immaturity, irresponsibility, or under-achievement.
These helper types are often dependent on the other person's poor functioning to satisfy their own emotional needs. Codependency can occur in any type of relationship, including family, work, friendship, and also romantic, peer or community relationships.Moderation / Criticism / Exposition / Exposés David Aaronovitch.
Catholics try, rather unconvincingly, to show how conferring sainthood is different in principle to the pagan apotheosis (the process that made Claudius, for instance, into a God), but the distinction doesn't quite wash. .
Codependency is a controversial concept for a dysfunctional helping relationship where one person supports or enables another person's addiction, poor mental health, immaturity, irresponsibility, or under-achievement.
Among the core characteristics of codependency, the most common theme is an excessive reliance on other people for approval and a sense of identity.
Nature And Nurture On Childhood Development - Majority of the research done has been aimed at identifying certain sources of the nurture or environmental side, has focused on family environments, instead of including school environment, and on personality and behaviour problems instead of .
Disclaimer: Psilocybin is a potentially illegal substance, and we do not encourage or condone the use of this substance where it is against the law.
However, we accept that illegal drug use occurs, and believe that offering responsible harm reduction information is imperative to keeping people safe. A compulsive behavior may involve a physical act, such as ordering or straightening, or it may be a mental activity, such as counting.
The behavior is often irrational, and the person feels driven to do it even if it may result in negative consequences. This free Health essay on Essay: Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is perfect for Health students to use as an example.