An introduction to the origins and history of the sport of hockey

Name[ edit ] In England, field hockey has been historically referred to as simply "hockey" and it is in historical references to field hockey that the name "hockey" first appears.

An introduction to the origins and history of the sport of hockey

The history of American football can be traced to early versions of rugby football and association games have their origin in varieties of football played in Britain in the midth century, in which a football is kicked at a goal or kicked over a line, which in turn were based on the varieties of English public school football games. The Origins, History and Growth of College and Professional Football including important milestones, growth and changes to the game. Beauchamp of Montreal, while preparing to write a book on hockey history in , wrote to Creighton's Limited of Halifax, distributors of hand-made "Mic Mac" sticks to Upper Canadian hockey clubs: "The making of the first sticks has a most important bearing on the origin and early development of hockey.

Rugby itself grew out of the soccer tradition in England, so soccer is truly at the very core of this sport. However, as both games made their way across the Atlantic, they were both played at colleges and universities, and out of those two games, football was born. The earliest history of the sport tells us that no single variety of the game was played; some schools played essentially soccer, others rugby, while still others played various combinations of the two and certainly without any formalized rules.

It what is commonly billed as the first college football game, Princeton and Rutgers played each other on November 6, at Rutgers in New Brunswick, New Jersey. The game was played under modified London Football Association rules - for example, players could only kick the ball, not touch it with their hands and each score, called a goal, counted for one point Rutgers beat Princeton However, unlike soccer, there were 25 players on each side, not the usual This first college game was essentially soccer, but nevertheless laid the groundwork for the modern game as we know it today.

In order to do that, however, rules would have to be put in place to truly differentiate the sport. Inrepresentatives from Columbia, Princeton, Rutgers and Yale met to formalize rules; however, these rules were based mostly on soccer.

Harvard, which played a more rugby-heavy style, refused to attend the meeting, continuing to play the game their way, notably in two contests against McGill University from Montreal. The two schools played essentially the same type of game, with rugby-style rules, including running with the ball.

As Harvard slowly won over the other schools to its style of play, it necessitated a new meeting to standardize new rules.

Walter Camp

That meeting, known as the Massasoit Convention, created rules based largely on the Rugby Football Union code. The game was inching closer to what we know today as football.

Camp was a student at Yale from to and an avid athlete, playing on Yale's football team from '77 until he left school in ' He was also a fixture at the rules conventions, finally gaining traction with his ideas in It was then that the rules committee began to adopt his rule changes, which included establishing the line of scrimmage, the exchange between a quarterback and a center, awarding six points for a touchdown and three points for a field goal though it would take years to come to those exact numberslowering the number of players to 11 a side and the concept of set plays.

Even after Camp left Yale as a student, he continued to coach the team and be a regular presence at every rules convention held until his death.

The first came inwhen Camp introduced the All-America team, a group of players he chose as being the best in college football.

An introduction to the origins and history of the sport of hockey

Camp had an All-America team every year from to ; after that, All-American teams continued to be named every year to the present, one of the highest honors in college football. The game of football had spread beyond a few Ivy League schools by this time, travelling through New England and into the Midwest.

However, the sport had also become much more violent, especially because of "mass plays. One particular mass play, the flying wedge, was particularly vicious: As a countermeasure, the defense would send a man of its own leaping over, colliding with the ball carrier in midair.

Injuries were often the best outcome of these plays; in the season, serious injuries were recorded from the sport, along with 18 deaths.Dear Twitpic Community - thank you for all the wonderful photos you have taken over the years. We have now placed Twitpic in an archived state.

In the spring of , members of the Hockey Origins Research Group (HORG) released the book "On the Origin of Hockey", which is a presentation of known facts about the origins of hockey, based on tens of thousands of words, from hundreds of sources, written about hockey played on the ice with skates.

But actually the origins of field hockey (or hockey as we will refer to it) are so interesting they merit an introduction. While there are no women involved—from what I can tell there is no mention of women playing in most of the sport’s history as it was considered too rough for them— it’s a fascinating story nonetheless.

Jun - An Investigation of the Effects of Frontal Plane Glenohumeral Joint Angle, Scapular Mobility and Lower-Back Orientation of the Horizontal Bench Press on Electromyographic Activity of .

An introduction to the origins and history of the sport of hockey

Yoga's history has many places of obscurity and uncertainty due to its oral transmission of sacred texts and the secretive nature of its teachings. The early writings on yoga were transcribed on fragile palm leaves that were easily damaged, destroyed or lost.

The development of yoga . Hockey and its Origins The roots of hockey are buried deep in antiquity. Historical records show that a crude form of the game was played in Egypt 4, years ago and in Ethiopia around 1,BC, whilst an ancient form of the game was also played in Iran in around 2,BC.

The Birthplace or Origin of Hockey